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J Clin Oncol. 2000 Feb;18(4):780-7.

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor after intensive consolidation chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia: results of a randomized trial of the Groupe Ouest-Est Leucémies Aigues Myeloblastiques.

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  • 1Departments of Hematology of University Hospital, Nantes, France. jlharousseau@sante.univ_nantes.fr

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Ten years after the first clinical studies, the clinical impact of myeloid growth factors in acute myeloid leukemia is still unclear. One of the objectives of the Groupe Ouest-Est Leucémies Aigues Myeloblastiques (GOELAM) 2 trial was to evaluate the benefit of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (GCSF) given only after the two courses of intensive consolidation chemotherapy (ICC) used to maintain complete remission (CR).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

One hundred ninety-four patients who were in CR after induction treatment were randomly assigned to receive G-CSF (100 patients) or no G-CSF (94 patients) after two courses of ICC (ICC 1, high-dose cytarabine plus mitoxantrone; ICC 2, amsacrine plus etoposide). G-CSF (filgrastim) was administered from the day after chemotherapy until granulocyte recovery at a daily dose of 5 microg/kg.

RESULTS:

In the G-CSF group, the median duration of neutropenia (< 0.5 x 10(9)/L) was dramatically reduced, both after ICC 1 (12 v 19 days, P <.001) and after ICC 2 (20 v 28 days, P <.001). The median duration of hospitalization was also significantly shorter in the G-CSF group (24 v 27 days after ICC 1, P <.001; 29 v 34 days after ICC 2, P <. 001). The median duration of intravenous antibiotics was significantly reduced after ICC 1 and ICC 2, and the median duration of antifungal therapy was significantly reduced after ICC 1. However, the incidence of microbiologically documented infections, the toxic death rate, the 2-year disease-free survival, and the 2-year overall survival were not affected by G-CSF administration. Moreover, the median interval between ICC1 and ICC2 was reduced by only 2 days, and the number of patients undergoing ICC2 was not increased in the G-CSF arm.

CONCLUSION:

G-CSF should be administered routinely after ICC to reduce the duration of neutropenia and hospitalization. However, G-CSF did not seem to significantly increase the feasibility of this two-course program or modify overall outcome.

PMID:
10673519
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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