Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Oncol. 2000 Feb;18(4):716-23.

Results of a randomized study of IM862 nasal solution in the treatment of AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology, Kenneth Norris Cancer Hospital and Research Institute, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Although advances have been made in the treatment of AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma (AIDS-KS) with systemic chemotherapy, less toxic therapies are needed. IM862 is a naturally occurring peptide with antiangiogenic properties and was thus studied in patients with AIDS-KS.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

IM862 was given as intranasal drops at a dose of 5 mg. Patients were randomized to two dosing schedules given in repeated cycles until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity: 5 days of therapy followed by 5 days off (n = 18) and every other day dosing (n = 26).

RESULTS:

Forty-two male patients and two female patients with a median age of 38 years (range, 22 to 53 years) were accrued. Twenty-one patients (47%) had more than 50 mucocutaneous lesions, 14 (32%) had lymphedema, and none had visceral involvement. Thirty-three patients (75%) had received prior systemic chemotherapy. Twenty-four patients (55%) had CD4(+) lymphocyte count </= 200/mm(3). All but five patients were being treated with concurrent protease inhibitor(s), for a median of 10 months (range, 0 to 24 months). Major responses were documented in 36%, with five complete and 11 partial remissions, occurring after a median of 6 weeks (range, 3 to 26 weeks) and lasting a median of 33+ weeks (range, 12+ to 95+ weeks). Twenty-one patients had stable disease for periods of 7 to 72+ weeks. Adverse effects to IM862 were limited to mild and transient headache, fatigue, tingling, and nausea. No hematologic adverse effects attributed to treatment were reported.

CONCLUSION:

IM862 given as intranasal drops is well tolerated and has antitumor activity in patients with AIDS-KS. A randomized double-blinded study to define the activity of IM862 in patients with AIDS-KS is in progress.

PMID:
10673512
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk