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J Hepatol. 2000 Jan;32(1):112-20.

Endotoxin-induced aggravation of preservation-reperfusion injury of rat liver and its modulation.

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  • 1Laboratory of Perfused Organs, Institute of Preventive and Clinical Medicine, Bratislava, Slovakia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

In clinical transplantation, exposure of donors to gut-derived endotoxin occurs frequently and may adversely affect liver transplantation therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate: 1) whether brief exposure of rats to endotoxin before liver procurement aggravates the early phase of reperfusion injury of hepatic explants; and if so 2) whether Kupffer cell activation is a contributing factor to liver injury; and 3) whether heparin and pentoxifylline could minimize this effect.

METHODS:

Male Wistar rats were injected with 0.2-4.0 mg/kg of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide 2 h prior to liver harvest. After preservation in University of Wisconsin cold-storage solution, the livers were reperfused using a blood-free perfusion model. To inactivate Kupffer cells, some rats were pretreated with gadolinium chloride or liposome-encapsulated dichloromethylene-diphosphonate before lipopolysaccharide administration. The other rats received lipopolysaccharide with heparin or pentoxifylline.

RESULTS:

In a dose-independent fashion, lipopolysaccharide impaired portal flow during graft reperfusion. In a dose-dependent way, lipopolysaccharide increased lactate dehydrogenase release into the perfusate and decreased bile flow and bromosulfophthalein excretion. Gadolinium chloride, liposomal dichloromethylene-diphosphonate, heparin, and pentoxifylline reduced lactate dehydrogenase release by 34%, 43%, 59%, and 64%, respectively, and improved functional parameters of the liver. A 52-fold increased neutrophil infiltration in the liver sinusoids after lipopolysaccharide exposure was not affected significantly by the drugs studied; however, heparin reduced markedly neutrophil activation.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results of this investigation provide direct evidence that aggravation of preservation-reperfusion injury of rat liver by endotoxin is mediated by Kupffer cell-dependent mechanism(s) and it can be minimized by heparin and pentoxifylline.

PMID:
10673075
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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