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Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Mar;20(5):1562-70.

Terminally differentiated human neurons repair transcribed genes but display attenuated global DNA repair and modulation of repair gene expression.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-5020, USA.

Abstract

Repair of UV-induced DNA lesions in terminally differentiated human hNT neurons was compared to that in their repair-proficient precursor NT2 cells. Global genome repair of (6-4)pyrimidine-pyrimidone photoproducts was significantly slower in hNT neurons than in the precursor cells, and repair of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) was not detected in the hNT neurons. This deficiency in global genome repair did not appear to be due to denser chromatin structure in hNT neurons. By contrast, CPDs were removed efficiently from both strands of transcribed genes in hNT neurons, with the nontranscribed strand being repaired unexpectedly well. Correlated with these changes in repair during neuronal differentiation were modifications in the expression of several repair genes, in particular an up-regulation of the two structure-specific nucleases XPG and XPF/ERCC1. These results have implications for neuronal dysfunction and aging.

PMID:
10669734
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC85340
Free PMC Article

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