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J Infect Dis. 2000 Feb;181(2):774-8.

Vaccination with FimH adhesin protects cynomolgus monkeys from colonization and infection by uropathogenic Escherichia coli.

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  • 1MedImmune, Inc., Gaithersburg, MD 20878, USA. langermanns@medimmune. com


Escherichia coli FimH adhesin mediates binding to the bladder mucosa. In mice, a FimH vaccine protects against bacterial challenge. In this study, 4 monkeys were inoculated with 100 microgram of FimCH adhesin-chaperone complex mixed with MF59 adjuvant, and 4 monkeys were given adjuvant only intramuscularly. After 2 doses (day 0 and week 4), a booster at 48 weeks elicited a strong IgG antibody response to FimH in the vaccinated monkeys. All 8 monkeys were challenged with 1 mL of 108 E. coli cystitis isolate NU14. Three of the 4 vaccinated monkeys were protected from bacteruria and pyuria; all control monkeys were infected. These findings suggest that a vaccine based on the FimH adhesin of E. coli type 1 pili may have utility in preventing cystitis in humans.

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