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Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 1999 Winter;30(2):111-20.

One-year-old infants of intrusive and withdrawn depressed mothers.

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  • 1Texas Tech University, Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Lubbock 79409-1162, USA.


This study examined behaviors of intrusive/depressed versus withdrawn/depressed mothers and their one-year-old infants during a structured teaching interaction. Group comparisons revealed that intrusive/depressed mothers showed more positive responses, more demonstrating toys, and more physical guidance, and their infants demonstrated less toy manipulation. Withdrawn/depressed mothers maintained infant play more frequently and showed more restricted affect, and their infants demonstrated less affective behavior, both positive and negative. These findings suggested that exposure to depressed mothers' nonoptimal interaction styles represents different types of risk to infants' cognitive and affective development.

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