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Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2000 Feb;56(Pt 2):241-5.

Structure of human erythrocyte catalase.

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  • 1Institute of Biological Chemistry, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan.


Catalase (E.C. was purified from human erythrocytes and crystallized in three different forms: orthorhombic, hexagonal and tetragonal. The structure of the orthorhombic crystal form of human erythrocyte catalase (HEC), with space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) and unit-cell parameters a = 84.9, b = 141.7, c = 232.5 A, was determined and refined with 2.75 A resolution data. Non-crystallographic symmetry restraints were employed and the resulting R value and R(free) were 0.206 and 0.272, respectively. The overall structure and arrangement of HEC molecules in the orthorhombic unit cell were very similar to those of bovine liver catalase (BLC). However, no NADPH was observed in the HEC crystal and a water was bound to the active-site residue His75. Conserved lattice interactions suggested a common growth mechanism for the orthorhombic crystals of HEC and BLC.

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