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J Biol Chem. 2000 Feb 11;275(6):3741-4.

Specific requirement for the p85-p110alpha phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase during epidermal growth factor-stimulated actin nucleation in breast cancer cells.

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  • 1Departments of Molecular Pharmacology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA.


We have studied the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI 3-kinases) in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton in MTLn3 rat adenocarcinoma cells. Stimulation of MTLn3 cells with epidermal growth factor (EGF) induced a rapid increase in actin polymerization, with production of lamellipodia within 3 min. EGF-stimulated lamellipodia were blocked by 100 nM wortmannin, suggesting the involvement of a class Ia PI 3-kinase. MTLn3 cells contain equal amounts of p110alpha and p110beta, and do not contain p110delta. Injection of specific inhibitory antibodies to p110alpha induced cell rounding and blocked EGF-stimulated lamellipod extension, whereas control or anti-p110beta antibodies had no effect. In contrast, both antibodies inhibited EGF-stimulated DNA synthesis. An in situ assay for actin nucleation showed that EGF-stimulated formation of new barbed ends was blocked by injection of anti-p110alpha antibodies. In summary, the p110alpha isoform of PI 3-kinase is specifically required for EGF-stimulated actin nucleation during lamellipod extension in breast cancer cells.

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