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Genome. 1999 Dec;42(6):1094-9.

Genome size variation in Hordeum spontaneum populations

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  • 1Agricultural Research Centre of Finland, Plant Production Research, Crops and Soil, Jokioinen. timo.turpeinen@mtt.fi


Populations of wild barley, Hordeum spontaneum (C. Koch), originating from 10 ecologically and geographically different sites in Israel, were assessed for genome size. Measurements were obtained by flow cytometry using propidium iodide staining. Genome sizes ranged from 9.35 to 9.81 pg. Variance analysis indicated a significant difference between populations. Genome sizes were positively correlated with mean January temperature. Our results corroborate previous findings of intraspecific variation in genome size from different plant species. The positive correlations between climate and genome size suggest that the latter is adaptive and determined by natural selection.

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