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Biomaterials. 2000 Feb;21(4):327-33.

Chemical modification of silk fibroin with 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine. II. Graft-polymerization onto fabric through 2-methacryloyloxyethyl isocyanate and interaction between fabric and platelets.

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  • 1National Institute of Sericultural and Entomological Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.


2-Methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) was grafted onto silk fabric in a two-step heterogeneous system through the vinyl bonds of 2-methacryloyloxyethyl isocyanate (MOI) modified on the fabric. First, habutae silk fabric was modified with the MOI monomer in anhydrous dimethyl sulfoxide using di-n-butyltin (IV) dilaurate and hydroquinone at 35 degrees C. The saturated weight gain of modified MOI monomer on the fabric was 7.3 wt% versus the original silk. Second, graft polymerization with MPC onto the MOI modified silk was conducted using 2,2'-azo bis[2-(2-imidazolin-2-yl)propane dihydrochloride] (VA-044) as an azo polymerization initiator. The weight of the grafted MPC eventually gained was about 26.0 wt%. The MOI-modified and MPC-grafted silk fabrics were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. To confirm the improved biocompatibility of the silk fabric, platelet adhesion was preliminarily tested measuring lactate dehydrogenase. The number of platelets adhering to polyMPC-grafted silk fabric decreased by about one tenth compared to original and MOI-modified silk after 60 min of contact with human platelet-rich plasma (1.0 x 10(6) platelets cm(-2)).

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