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J Biol Chem. 2000 Feb 4;275(5):3681-6.

Mutational analysis of intrinsic regions of presenilin 2 that determine its endoproteolytic cleavage and pathological function.

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  • 1Division of Demyelinating Disease and Aging, National Institute of Neuroscience, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, 4-1-1 Ogawahigashi, Kodaira, Tokyo 187-8502, Japan. kshiro@brain.riken.go.jp


To investigate the significance of endoproteolytic processing of presenilin 2 (PS2) on its pathological function, we constructed PS2 cDNAs causing amino acid substitutions or deletions around the cleavage site. We found that a PS2 mutant (Del3) with a 20-amino acid deletion was not endoproteolytically processed, while other PS2s with amino acid substitutions and short deletions were cleaved. Overproduction of all the mutant proteins led to a compensatory decrease of endogenous PS1 fragments, but did not affect the amyloid beta peptide X-42/Abeta X-40 ratio without the familial Alzheimer's disease mutation. The Del3 mutant did not exhibit significant deficits in gamma-secretase activity. The turnover rate of the Del3 holoprotein was the same as that of full-length PS2. These data suggest that the determinants of the PS2 cleavage site reside within a large region and that the pathological function of PS2 is exerted by familial Alzheimer's disease mutations not related to the cleavage of holoproteins. We also found that PS2 with an 18-amino acid deletion at the C-terminal end was not processed. Its overexpression led neither to diminished accumulation of endogenous PS1 fragments nor to increased production of amyloid beta peptide X-42. The C-terminal end of PS2 seems to possess the signal for entry into the processing pathway.

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