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J Biol Chem. 2000 Feb 4;275(5):3479-84.

Cyclin D3 compensates for loss of cyclin D2 in mouse B-lymphocytes activated via the antigen receptor and CD40.

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  • 1Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research and Section of Virology and Cell Biology, Imperial College School of Medicine at St Mary's, Norfolk Place, London W2 1PG, United Kingdom.


Cyclin D2 is the only D-type cyclin expressed in mature mouse B-lymphocytes, and its expression is associated with retinoblastoma protein (pRB) and pRB-related protein phosphorylation and induction of E2F activity, as B-cells enter the cell cycle following stimulation via surface IgM and/or CD40. Cyclin D-dependent kinase activity is required for cell proliferation, yet cyclin D2(-/-) mice have normal levels of mature B-lymphocytes. Here we show that B-lymphocytes from cyclin D2(-/-) mice can proliferate in response to anti-IgM and anti-CD40, but the time taken to enter S-phase is longer than for the corresponding cyclin D2(+/+) cells. This is due to the compensatory induction of cyclin D3, but not cyclin D1, which causes pRb phosphorylation on CDK4-specific sites. This is the first demonstration that loss of a D-type cyclin causes specific expression and functional compensation by another member of the family in vivo and provides a rationale for the presence of mature B-lymphocytes in cyclin D2(-/-) mice.

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