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Diabetologia. 1999 Dec;42(12):1395-403.

Worldwide increase in incidence of Type I diabetes--the analysis of the data on published incidence trends.

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  • 1Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland.

Erratum in

  • Diabetologia 2000 May;43(5):685.

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:

Several reports on the incidence of Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus have suggested that the incidence is increasing. The aim of this study was to find out whether the incidence is increasing globally or restricted to a selected populations only and to estimate the magnitude of the change in incidence.

METHODS:

During 1960 to 1996 37 studies in 27 countries were carried out. To fulfil the inclusion criteria the study periods ranged from 8-32 years. The temporal trend was fitted by linear regression, with the logarithm of the age-standardized incidence as the dependent variable and the calendar year as the independent variable. Then, the regression coefficient (x 100%) is approximately the average relative increase in incidence per year (as percentage).

RESULTS:

Results from the pooled data from all 37 populations showed that the overall increase in incidence was 3.0% per year (95% CI 2.6; 3.3, p = 0.0001). The statistically significant increase was found in 24 of 37 populations including all high incidence (> 14.6 per 100000 a year) populations. The relative increase was, however, steeper in the populations with a lower incidence. The correlation between logarithm of the incidence and the increase in incidence was r = -0.56, p = 0.0004.

CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION:

The incidence of Type I diabetes is increasing worldwide both in low and high incidence populations. By the year 2010 the incidence will be 50 per 100000 a year in Finland and also in many other populations it will exceed 30 per 100000 a year.

Comment in

PMID:
10651256
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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