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J Biol Chem. 2000 Jan 28;275(4):2399-403.

Protein phosphatase 2Calpha dephosphorylates axin and activates LEF-1-dependent transcription.

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  • 1Division of Human Genetics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA.


The Dishevelled (Dvl) gene family encodes cytoplasmic proteins that are necessary for Wnt signal transduction. Utilizing the yeast two-hybrid system, we identified protein phosphatase 2Calpha (PP2C) as a Dvl-PDZ domain-interacting protein. PP2C exists in a complex with Dvl, beta-catenin, and Axin, a negative regulator of Wnt signaling. In a Wnt-responsive LEF-1 reporter gene assay, expression of PP2C activates transcription and also elicits a synergistic response with beta-catenin and Wnt-1. In addition, PP2C expression relieves Axin-mediated repression of LEF-1-dependent transcription. PP2C utilizes Axin as a substrate both in vitro and in vivo and decreases its half-life. These results indicate that PP2C is a positive regulator of Wnt signal transduction and mediates its effects through the dephosphorylation of Axin.

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