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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2000 Jan;278(1):C33-9.

Lysophosphatidic acid rapidly induces protein kinase D activation through a pertussis toxin-sensitive pathway.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, School of Medicine and Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095-1786, USA.


Protein kinase D (PKD) is a serine-threonine protein kinase with distinct structural features and enzymological properties. Herein we demonstrate that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) induces rapid PKD activation in mouse Swiss 3T3 and Rat-1 cells. LPA induced PKD activation in a concentration-dependent fashion with maximal stimulation (7.6-fold) achieved at 5 microM. Treatment of Swiss 3T3 cells with the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors GF-I, Ro-31-8220, and Gö-7874 completely abrogated PKD activation induced by LPA at concentrations that did not inhibit PKD activity when added directly to the in vitro kinase assays. PKD activation induced by LPA was attenuated markedly and selectively by prior exposure of either Swiss 3T3 or Rat-1 cells to pertussis toxin (PTx) in a concentration-dependent manner. In contrast, treatment with the protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein, the MEK inhibitor PD-098059, or the phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor wortmannin did not affect PKD activation in response to LPA. These results provide the first example of PTx-sensitive and PKC-dependent PKD activation and identify a novel G(i)-dependent event in the action of LPA.

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