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J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2000 Jan 1;216(1):46-50, 32.

Familial glomerulonephropathy in a litter of beagles.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA 01536, USA.


Membranoproliferative glomerulonephropathy was diagnosed in 5 of 7 adult Beagles from the same litter. Dogs were raised in more than 1 area of the United States. One died without evidence of renal disease when it was 3 years old. At 8 years of age, 2 dogs developed signs of uremia, including polyuria, polydipsia, and infrequent episodes of anorexia and vomiting. Serum biochemical variables and urine specific gravity values were consistent with renal azotemia. Both dogs had proteinuria. Although healthy, 3 of the 4 remaining Beagles had proteinuria. Of these 3, only 1 was azotemic. Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis was diagnosed on the basis of results of histologic examination of renal biopsy specimens from 4 of the dogs. Electron microscopy performed on 3 of the renal biopsy specimens revealed identical lesions, consisting of an extremely thickened glomerular basement membrane with multilaminar splitting. Immunoglobulin or amyloid deposits were not detected. On the basis of similar clinicopathologic abnormalities, common genetic background, and identical histopathologic and electron microscopic findings, familial renal disease was diagnosed. Additional studies involving other related Beagles are needed to identify the hereditary nature of membranoproliferative glomerulonephropathy in Beagles.

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