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Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Feb;20(3):755-9.

Normal development, wound healing, and adenovirus susceptibility in beta5-deficient mice.

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  • 1Lung Biology Center, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143-0854, USA.


Integrins have been shown to play important roles in embryonic development, wound healing, metastasis, and other biological processes. alphavbeta5 is a receptor for RGD-containing extracellular matrix proteins that has been suggested to be important in cutaneous wound healing and adenovirus infection. To examine the in vivo function of this receptor, we have generated mice lacking beta5 expression, using homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells. Mice homozygous for a null mutation of the beta5 subunit gene develop, grow, and reproduce normally. Keratinocytes harvested from beta5(-/-) mice demonstrate impaired migration on and adhesion to the alphavbeta5 ligand, vitronectin. However, the rate of healing of cutaneous wounds is not different in beta5(-/-) and beta5(+/+) mice. Furthermore, keratinocytes and airway epithelial cells obtained from null mice show adenovirus infection efficiency equal to that from wild-type mice. These data suggest that alphavbeta5 is not essential for normal development, reproduction, adenovirus infection, or the healing of cutaneous wounds.

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