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Anesth Analg. 2000 Jan;90(1):35-41.

Two-lung and one-lung ventilation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: the effects of position and F(IO)2.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, Erasme University Hospital, Free University of Brussels, Belgium.

Abstract

We compared the effects of position and fraction of inspired oxygen (F(IO)2) on oxygenation during thoracic surgery in 24 consenting patients randomly assigned to receive an F(IO)2 of 0.4 (eight patients, Group 0.4), 0.6 (eight patients, Group 0.6), or 1.0 (eight patients, Group 1.0) during the periods of two-lung (TLV) and one-lung ventilation (OLV) in the supine and lateral positions. TLV and OLV were maintained while the patients were first in the supine and then in the lateral position for 15 min each. Thereafter, respiratory mechanical data were obtained, and arterial blood gas samples were drawn. Pao2 decreased during OLV compared with TLV in both the supine and lateral positions. In all three groups, Pao2 was significantly higher during OLV in the lateral than in the supine position: 101 (72-201) vs 63 (57-144) mm Hg in Group 0.4; 268 (162-311) vs 155 (114-235) mm Hg in Group 0.6; and 486 (288-563) vs 301 (216-422) mm Hg in Group 1.0, respectively (P < 0.02, Wilcoxon's signed rank test). We conclude that, compared with the supine position, gravity augments the redistribution of perfusion as a result of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, when patients are in the lateral position, which explains the higher Pao2 during OLV.

IMPLICATIONS:

This study compares oxygenation during thoracic surgery during periods of two-lung and one-lung ventilation with patients in the supine and lateral positions when using three different fraction of inspired oxygen values. Arterial oxygen tension was decreased in all three groups during one-lung ventilation in comparison with the two-lung ventilation values, but the decrease was significantly less in the lateral, compared with the supine position.

PMID:
10624972
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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