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Mol Cell. 1999 Nov;4(5):745-55.

HAC-1, a Drosophila homolog of APAF-1 and CED-4 functions in developmental and radiation-induced apoptosis.

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  • 1Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA.

Abstract

We have identified a Drosophila homolog of Apaf-1 and ced-4, termed hac-1. Like mammalian APAF-1, HAC-1 can activate caspases in a dATP-dependent manner in vitro. During embryonic development, hac-1 is prominently expressed in regions where cells undergo natural death. Significantly, hac-1 transcription is also rapidly induced upon ionizing irradiation, similar to the proapoptotic gene reaper. Loss of hac-1 function causes reduced cell death, and reducing the dosage of hac-1 suppresses ectopic cell killing upon expression of the dcp-1 procaspase in the retina but has little effect on reaper, hid, and grim-mediated killing. Our data indicate that caspase activation and apoptosis in Drosophila are independently controlled by at least two distinct regulatory pathways that converge at the level of caspase activation.

PMID:
10619022
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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