Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
J Cataract Refract Surg. 1999 Dec;25(12):1615-9.

Early- versus late-onset infectious keratitis after radial and astigmatic keratotomy: clinical spectrum in a referral practice.

Author information

  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the clinical characteristics of early- versus late-onset keratitis after radial keratotomy (RK) and astigmatic keratotomy (AK).

SETTING:

Referral subspecialty practice.

METHODS:

This retrospective review comprised 19 patients with infectious keratitis after RK and AK. Early- versus late-onset groups were analyzed for predisposing conditions; infiltrate location, size, and depth; microbiologic data; and final visual outcome.

RESULTS:

Ten patients in the early-onset group developed keratitis within a mean of 7.4 days after surgery (range 3 to 14 days). Nine patients in the late-onset group developed keratitis a mean of 5.4 years after surgery (range 1.5 to 15.0 years). Staphylococcus aureus was the predominant organism in the early-onset group and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the late-onset group. In the early-onset group, most infiltrates occurred in the paracentral aspect of the RK incision and extended to the middle or posterior stroma. In the late-onset group, most infiltrates occurred in the peripheral portion of the RK incision and were localized to the superficial stroma. A hypopyon was present in 7 of 10 ulcers in the early group and in 1 of 9 in the late group. Two patients in the early group developed endophthalmitis. Most patients in the late-onset group had incisional pseudocysts; 2 had other risk factors for keratitis. Final visual acuity was 20/40 or better in 7 of 10 patients in the early group and in 8 of 9 patients in the late group.

CONCLUSIONS:

Early-onset corneal ulcers after incisional refractive keratotomy were usually paracentral and deep, whereas late-onset ulcers were usually peripheral and superficial. Despite the predominance of Staphylococcus and Pseudomonas in the early- and late-onset groups, respectively, a variety of organisms may be responsible for infections in keratotomy incisions.

PMID:
10609205
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk