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Int J Exp Pathol. 1999 Oct;80(5):283-90.

Changing myoepithelial cell distribution during regeneration of rat parotid glands.

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  • 1Department of Oral Anatomy II, Hokkaido University School of Dentistry, Sapporo, Japan.


The distribution of the myoepithelial cells during regeneration of the rat parotid gland after atrophy induced by one week of parotid duct ligation was investigated by immunohistochemistry for actin and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Immunohistochemically, residual ducts were surrounded by actin-positive cells when clips were removed from the duct. Three days later, most of the newly formed acini originating from the residual ducts were also embraced by actin-positive cells. After 10 days, actin-positivity tended to be seen as dots around acini that decreased in number day by day. On day 21 actin-positive cells mainly surrounded intercalated ducts with only a few positive reactions identified at the acinar periphery. Electron microscopically, residual ducts and newly formed acini were peripherally embraced by myoepithelial cells before day 5. After day 7, shift of myoepithelial cells from the periphery of acini to the duct-acinar junctional region was identified. Then few myoepithelial cells were identified at the periphery of acini. These observations indicate that myoepithelial cells migrate from the acinar periphery to the duct-acinar junctional region during rat parotid regeneration, and that such behaviour is closely related to that seen during rat parotid development.

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