Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1999 Dec;77(12):950-7.

Homocyst(e)ine impairs endocardial endothelial function.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physiology and Biophysics, and Center of Excellence in Cardiovascular-Renal Research, The University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson 39216, USA.


Homocyst(e)ine injured vascular endothelium and modulated endothelial-dependent vascular function. Endothelium plays an analogous role in both the vessel and the endocardium. Therefore, we hypothesized that homocyst(e)ine modulated endocardial endothelium (EE) dependent cardiac function. The ex vivo cardiac rings from normal male Wistar-Kyoto rats were prepared. The contractile responses of left and right ventricular rings were measured in an isometric myobath, using different concentrations of CaCl2. The response was higher in the left ventricle than right ventricle and was elevated in endocardium without endothelium. The half effective concentration (EC50) and maximum tension generated by homocyst(e)ine were 10(6) and 5-fold lower than endothelin (ET) and angiotensin II (AII), respectively. However, in endothelial-denuded endocardium, homocyst(e)ine response was significantly increased (p<0.005, compared with intact endothelium) and equal to the response to ET and AII. To determine the physiological significance of ET, AII, homocyst(e)ine, and endothelial nitric oxide in EE function, cardiac rings were pretreated with AII (10(-10) M) or ET (10(-13) M) and then treated with homocyst(e)ine (10(-8) M). Results suggested that at these concentrations AII, ET, or homocyst(e)ine alone had no effect on cardiac contraction. However, in the presence of 10(-10) M AII or 10(-13) M ET, the cardiac contraction to homocyst(e)ine (10(-8) M) was significantly enhanced (p<0.01, compared with without pretreatment) and further increased in the endocardium without endothelium. The pretreatment of cardiac ring with the inhibitor of nitric oxide, Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), increased contractile response to homocyst(e)ine. These results suggested that homocyst(e)ine impaired EE-dependent cardiac function and acted synergistically with AII and ET in enhancing the cardiac contraction.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk