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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1999 Dec 10;15(18):1685-9.

Antibody and cellular immune responses in breakthrough infection subjects after HIV type 1 glycoprotein 120 vaccination.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA.


HIV-specific antibodies and CD8+ T cell antiviral responses were evaluated in three human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) gp120 vaccine recipients who later became infected with HIV-1. Titers of neutralizing antibody to the HIV-1(SF2) vaccine isolate were boosted, but titers of antibody to the autologous infecting viruses were never high and required at least 6 months after HIV infection to develop. Similarly, a marginal noncytotoxic CD8+ T cell antiviral response was observed only in one of the three vaccinees 3 months after HIV-1 infection. The infecting virus isolates had several amino acid substitutions in the HIV-1 envelope V3 region but were similar to other regional HIV-1 clade B isolates. Viral loads were similar to those of other HIV-1-infected individuals who had not been vaccinated and transient CD4+ T cell declines were observed in each person, suggesting that the vaccine was not effective at controlling these prognostic markers early in infection.

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