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Eur J Cell Biol. 1999 Nov;78(11):842-8.

Characterization of microsome-associated tobacco BY-2 centrins.

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  • 1Institut de Biologie MolĂ©culaire des Plantes, CNRS, UniversitĂ© Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg/France.


Centrin - higher plants - MTOCs - microtubules nucleation In most eukaryotic cells, the Ca(2+)-binding protein centrin is associated with structured microtubule-organizing centers (MTOCs) such as centrosomes. In these cells, centrin either forms centrosome-associated contractile fibers, or is involved in centrosome biogenesis. Our aim was to investigate the functions of centrin in higher plant cells which do not contain centrosome-like MTOCs. We have cloned two tobacco BY-2 centrin cDNAs and we show that higher plant centrins define a phylogenetic group of proteins distinct from centrosome-associated centrins. In addition, tobacco centrins were found primarily associated with microsomes and did not colocalize with gamma-tubulin, a known MTOC marker. While the overall level of centrin did not vary during the cell cycle, centrin was prominently detected at the cell plate during telophase. Our results suggest that in tobacco, the major portion of centrin is not MTOC-associated and could be involved in the formation of the cell plate during cytokinesis.

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