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Anal Biochem. 1999 Dec 15;276(2):177-87.

Real-time, sequence-specific detection of nucleic acids during strand displacement amplification.

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  • 1Department of Life Sciences, Becton Dickinson Technologies, 21 Davis Drive, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709, USA.


Strand displacement amplification (SDA) is an isothermal nucleic acid amplification method based on the primer-directed nicking activity of a restriction enzyme and the strand displacement activity of an exonuclease-deficient polymerase. Here we describe fluorogenic reporter probes that permit real-time, sequence-specific detection of targets amplified during SDA. The new probes possess the single-strand half of a BsoBI recognition sequence flanked on opposite sides by a fluorophore and a quencher. The probes also contain target-binding sequences located 3' to the BsoBI site. Fluorophore and quencher are maintained in sufficiently close proximity that fluorescence is quenched in the intact single-stranded probe. If target is present during SDA, the probe is converted into a fully double-stranded form and is cleaved by the restriction enzyme BsoBI, which also serves as the nicking agent for SDA. Fluorophore and quencher diffuse apart upon probe cleavage, causing increased fluorescence. Target replication may thus be followed in real time during the SDA reaction. Probe performance may be enhanced by embedding the fluorogenic BsoBI site within the loop of a folded hairpin structure. The new probe designs permit detection of as few as 10 target copies within 30 min in a closed-tube, real-time format, eliminating the possibility of carry-over contamination. The probes may be used to detect RNA targets in SDA mixtures containing reverse transcriptase. Furthermore, a two-color competitive SDA format permits accurate quantification of target levels from the real-time fluorescence data.

Copyright 1999 Academic Press.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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