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Histochem Cell Biol. 1999 Nov;112(5):359-65.

Hexokinase I expression and activity in embryonic mouse heart during early and late organogenesis.

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  • 1Department of Anatomy, Physiological Sciences, and Radiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, 4700 Hillsborough Street, Raleigh, NC 27606 USA.

Abstract

Hexokinase (HK) catalyzes the first step in glucose metabolism, that is, the conversion of glucose to glucose-6-phosphate (G6P). Four HK isoforms have been identified, of which HK-I is predominant in embryonic and fetal tissues. HK-I has been studied in preimplantation embryos and in fetal stages, but little is known about its activity or expression in the early postimplantation embryo. We evaluated HK-I expression, HK-I activity, and glycolytic metabolism in the embryonic mouse heart during early [gestational day (gd) 9.5] and late (gd 13.5) organogenesis. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated that HK-I is localized mainly in the heart at both stages, with stronger expression on gd 13.5. Densitometry after SDS-PAGE/western analysis confirmed higher immunodetectable HK-I protein levels in hearts on gd 13.5 vs gd 9.5. By contrast, RT-PCR demonstrated higher HK-I mRNA expression on gd 9.5 vs gd 13.5. Similarly, cardiac HK-I activity (conversion of glucose to G6P) and glycolysis (conversion of glucose to lactate) were higher on gd 9.5 than on gd 13.5. These results suggest a complex regulation of HK-I expression and activity in the embryonic heart during organogenesis, involving a change in the intrinsic activity of the enzyme with development. HK-I appears to play an important role in glucose metabolism during this critical stage of cardiogenesis.

PMID:
10603075
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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