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Microbes Infect. 1999 Apr;1(4):285-92.

Microbial interactions in the vaginal ecosystem, with emphasis on the pathogenesis of bacterial vaginosis.

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  • 1Channing Laboratory, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.


During bacterial vaginosis (BV), populations of lactobacilli which are generally dominant in the vagina of overtly healthy women are replaced by other facultative and anaerobic microorganisms. Some Lactobacillus strains produce hydrogen peroxide and all produce lactic acid; however, the antagonistic role of these metabolites in vivo remains controversial. Positive interactions among BV-associated organisms may contribute to the pathogenesis of BV and its sequelae.

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