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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Dec;181(6):1360-3; discussion 1363-4.

Outcome after rectovaginal fascia reattachment for rectocele repair.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rush Medical College, Chicago, Illinois, USA.



This study was undertaken to determine the effects of rectovaginal fascia reattachment on symptoms and vaginal topography.


Standardized preoperative and postoperative assessments of vaginal topography (the Pelvic Organ Prolapse staging system of the International Continence Society, American Urogynecologic Society, and Society of Gynecologic Surgeons) and 5 symptoms commonly attributed to rectocele were used to evaluate 66 women who underwent rectovaginal fascia reattachment for rectocele repair. All patients had abnormal fluoroscopic results with objective rectocele formation.


Seventy percent (n = 46) of the women were objectively assessed at 1 year. Preoperative symptoms included the following: protrusion, 85% (n = 39); difficult defecation, 52% (n = 24); constipation, 46% (n = 21); dyspareunia, 26% (n = 12); and manual evacuation, 24% (n = 11). Posterior vaginal topography was considered abnormal in all patients with a mean Ap point (a point located in the midline of the posterior vaginal wall 3 cm proximal to the hymen) value of -0.5 cm (range, -2 to 3 cm). Postoperative symptom resolution was as follows: protrusion, 90% (35/39; P <.0005); difficult defecation, 54% (14/24; P <.0005); constipation, 43% (9/21; P =.02); dyspareunia, 92% (11/12; P =.01); and manual evacuation, 36% (4/11; P =.125). Vaginal topography at 1 year was improved, with a mean Ap point value of -2 cm (range, -3 to 2 cm).


This technique of rectocele repair improves vaginal topography and alleviates 3 symptoms commonly attributed to rectoceles. It is relatively ineffective for relief of manual evacuation, and constipation is variably decreased.

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