Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Physiol. 1999 Dec;277(6 Pt 1):G1222-30.

Evidence for Gd(3+) inhibition of membrane ATP permeability and purinergic signaling.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA.


Extracellular ATP functions as an important autocrine and paracrine signal that modulates a broad range of cell and organ functions through activation of purinergic receptors in the plasma membrane. Because little is known of the cellular mechanisms involved in ATP release, the purpose of these studies was to evaluate the potential role of the lanthanide Gd(3+) as an inhibitor of ATP permeability and to assess the physiological implications of impaired purinergic signaling in liver cells. In rat hepatocytes and HTC hepatoma cells, increases in cell volume stimulate ATP release, and the localized increase in extracellular ATP increases membrane Cl(-) permeability and stimulates cell volume recovery through activation of P(2) receptors. In cells in culture, spontaneous ATP release, as measured by a luciferin-luciferase-based assay, was always detectable under control conditions, and extracellular ATP concentrations increased 2- to 14-fold after increases in cell volume. Gd(3+) (200 microM) inhibited volume-sensitive ATP release by >90% (P < 0.001), inhibited cell volume recovery from swelling (P < 0.01), and uncoupled cell volume from increases in membrane Cl(-) permeability (P < 0.01). Moreover, Gd(3+) had similar inhibitory effects on ATP release from other liver and epithelial cell models. Together, these findings support an important physiological role for constitutive release of ATP as a signal coordinating cell volume and membrane ion permeability and suggest that Gd(3+) might prove to be an effective inhibitor of ATP-permeable channels once they are identified.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk