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Brain Res. 1999 Dec 4;849(1-2):187-95.

Altered distribution of Schwann cells in the periodontal ligament of the rat incisor following resection of the inferior alveolar nerve: an immunohistochemical study on S-100 proteins.

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  • 1Department of Oral Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Osaka University Faculty of Dentistry, 1-8, Yamadaoka, Suita, Japan.

Abstract

The present study employed immunohistochemistry for the detection of S-100 proteins to reveal the alteration in the distribution of Schwann cells in the periodontal ligament of the rat incisor following resection of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN). In normal animals, S-100-immunostaining demonstrated the profiles of Ruffini endings, primary mechanoreceptors in the periodontal ligament, in the alveolus-related part of the ligament. Under the electron microscope, S-100-like immunoreactivity (-LI) was observed in the cytoplasm of the terminal Schwann cell elements and in some axon profiles of the Ruffini endings. During the regeneration, S-100-like immunoreactive (-IR) terminal Schwann cells in the alveolus-related part of the ligament gradually decreased in number. In contrast, S-100-LI was found in the spindle-shaped cells at the shear zone (the border between alveolus-related and tooth-related parts) and in the tooth-related part, where S-100-LI was rarely detected in normal animals. Immunoelectron microscopic observations revealed that some S-100-IR spindle-shaped cells contained fibrous long spacing (FLS) fibers, suggesting that they were Schwann cells. Some regenerating axons were observed at the shear zone, but were rarely found in the tooth-related part. With the progress of the regeneration of the periodontal Ruffini endings, S-100-IR terminal Schwann cells became rearranged in the alveolus-related part by 42-56 days post injury, whereas the S-100-IR spindle-shaped Schwann cells in the shear zone and tooth-related part disappeared when the regeneration was complete.

PMID:
10592301
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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