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Am J Ment Retard. 1999 Nov;104(6):523-32.

Second-order belief attribution in Williams syndrome: intact or impaired?

Author information

  • 1Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center, Center for Research on Developmental Disorders, Waltham, MA 02452, USA. ksullivan@shriver.org

Abstract

Second-order mental state attribution in a group of children with Williams syndrome was investigated. The children were compared to age, IQ, and language-matched groups of children with Prader-Willi syndrome or nonspecific mental retardation. Participants were given two trials of a second-order reasoning task. No significant differences between the Williams syndrome and Prader-Willi or mentally retarded groups on any of the test questions were found. Results contrast with the view that individuals with Williams syndrome have an intact theory of mind and suggest that in their attributions of second-order mental states, children with Williams syndrome perform no better than do other groups of children with mental retardation.

PMID:
10587733
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1201457
Free PMC Article
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