Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 1999 Nov-Dec;28(6):615-22.

Methadone treatment during pregnancy.

Author information

  • 1Planned Parenthood SEPA, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To review the literature on methadone use by pregnant women.

DATA SOURCES:

A search was conducted on CINAHL, MEDLINE, and PSYCHINFO under "pregnancy" and "methadone."

STUDY SELECTION:

Articles published between 1988-1998 were reviewed and chosen based upon relevance to the objective.

DATA EXTRACTION:

Data were extracted and organized under the following headings: effects of methadone on pregnancy outcome, management of the pregnant woman on methadone, and implications of social and political policies for pregnant women who use opiates.

DATA SYNTHESIS:

Methadone treatment is most effective for pregnant women who receive care in a comprehensive service center. Few systematic investigations exist concerning methadone maintenance during pregnancy, thus no formal guidelines for management exist. Changes in federal policies for drug treatment and welfare regulations will challenge health care professionals who provide treatment for opiate-dependent pregnant women.

CONCLUSIONS:

Treatment with methadone is the standard of care for the opiate-using pregnant woman, despite findings challenging its benefits and efficacy in women who continue to use illicit drugs.

PMID:
10584915
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Blackwell Publishing
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk