Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1999 Nov;83(5):464-70.

Clinical aspects, epidemiology, and prognosis of atopic dermatitis.

Author information

  • Department of Dermatology, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This review article examines the clinical aspects, epidemiology, and prognosis of atopic dermatitis.

DATA SOURCES:

These are studies and review articles from textbooks of dermatitis and allergy in general, as well as more recent epidemiologic surveys published in specialist journals of allergy and dermatology.

STUDY SELECTION:

Included studies meet the criteria of being a survey of the prevalence of atopic dermatitis published recently in a respected peer-reviewed journal. Particular emphasis is placed on those that examine both the prevalence of the problem and significant causative and associated factors.

RESULTS:

Atopic dermatitis is frequently a severe illness that develops in early infancy. It can persist beyond the childhood years and is often found in association with significant respiratory complications. The exact pathogenesis is unclear but it appears that it has a complex immunologic origin. Early surveys lack the methodologic refinements of more recent data from the mid-1990s, including the SCARPOL study. Collectively, these point to a high current prevalence rate of 10% to 15%, a figure that has risen steadily in the preceding decades. The most common associations of atopic dermatitis are a risk of developing respiratory disorders, such as allergic rhinitis and asthma (40% to 60%), and a persistence rate after puberty (40% to 60%), which is indeed much higher than previously suspected.

CONCLUSIONS:

A clear recognition of the various disease subgroups along with intervention studies that evaluate reduction of risk are needed before more precise treatment strategies can be devised.

PMID:
10582732
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk