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Neurosci Lett. 1999 Nov 19;275(3):187-90.

Suppressive action produced by beta-amyloid peptide fragment 31-35 on long-term potentiation in rat hippocampus is N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-independent: it's offset by (-)huperzine A.

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  • 1Department of Neurobiology, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Extracellular recordings of field potential from CA1 region of rat hippocampal slices were used to observe the effects of a shorter synthetic fragment of beta-amyloid peptide (A beta31-35) on the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) and the action of (-)huperzine A, a potent acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor on these processes was also observed. The results showed that: (1) 0.1 microM A beta31-35 suppressed the induction of LTP in a similar mode as the longer fragment A beta25-35, did, while they did not change the amplitude of the baseline population spike (PS); (2) when PSs were recorded separately in Mg2+-free medium, which unveils the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-mediated responses, both A beta31-35 and A beta25-35 showed little effect on the components of multiple PSs; (3) two concentrations of 0.1 microM or 1.0 microM (-)huperzine A showed no effects on the PS amplitude while the latter could enhance the LTP and (4) co-administration of (-)huperzine A with 0.1 microM concentration could block most of the suppressive action induced by A beta31-35 or A beta25-35 upon the LTP. The results suggest that the shorter fragment A beta31-35, is long enough to suppress the induction of LTP and these two fragments might suppress the induction of LTP through a NMDA receptor-independent pathway that involves cholinergic terminals in hippocampus.

PMID:
10580706
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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