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Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 1999 Oct 25;50(2):93-8.

Mass hearing screening in kindergarten students.

Author information

  • 1Medical College of Wisconsin, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53226, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the types of hearing losses identified by mass hearing screenings in the public school system.

DESIGN:

Prospective observational.

PARTICIPANTS:

Students enrolled in kindergarten in the public school system.

SETTING:

Major metropolitan area.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

(1) hearing screening tests performed by speech pathologists using an audiometer in a quiet room; (2) formal audiologic testing including pure tone audiometry, tympanograms, speech discrimination, and acoustic impedance testing in a sound proof booth.

RESULTS:

140 students failed hearing screening on two separate occasions; 91(65%) underwent formal audiologic testing at Milwaukee Public School, 43% demonstrated conductive hearing losses, 14% demonstrated sensorineural losses and 43% demonstrated normal hearing.

CONCLUSION:

Mass hearing screening in the school system (1) is useful for detecting transient conductive hearing losses, (2) detects a significant number of sensorineural hearing losses and (3) has a very poor follow-through by the families of those students identified with hearing loss through the screening program.

PMID:
10576608
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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