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Bone. 1999 Nov;25(5):597-602.

Primary hyperparathyroidism: whole-body bone mineral density in surgically treated Danish patients: a three-year follow-up study.

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  • 1University Department of Surgery, Aarhus Amtssygehus, Denmark. peer.christiansen@dadlnet.dk

Abstract

Whole-body bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition were measured before surgery in 25 patients (20 women and 5 men, aged 53 +/- 13 years, range 26-73 years) with mild to moderate primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and compared with 25 controls exactly matched with respect to age, gender, and menopausal status. Fifteen pairs of matched patients and controls were reexamined 3 years later (5 men and 10 women, aged 53 +/- 12 years in both groups). In the untreated PHPT patients, whole-body BMD was 95.4% +/- 10.5% (SD) of control BMD (p < 0.05). Body weight and height, body mass index, whole-body fat mass, and lean body mass did not differ significantly between the groups. Relative to values in matched controls, whole-body bone mineral content (BMC) and BMD increased by 4.4% and 3.0%, respectively, in PHPT patients (p < 0.005) during the 3-year follow-up. Neither whole-body BMC nor BMD differed between patients and controls after the 3-year follow-up. A positive correlation was observed between initial serum calcium levels and the 3-year increase in whole-body BMD (r(s) = 0.645, p < 0.01). Baseline serum osteocalcin, serum pyridinoline crosslinked telopeptide of Type I collagen and several histomorphometric indices of trabecular bone turnover (eroded and labeled surfaces, bone formation rate, and activation frequency) also correlated positively with the subsequent increase in whole-body BMD. Six patients disclosed transient postoperative secondary hyperparathyroidism, probably due to hungry bones. Four of these patients completed 3 years of follow-up and had higher increases in whole-body BMD than the remaining normo-parathyroid patients (7.9% +/- 4.5%, range 4.3-14.3% versus 1.9% +/- 2.1%, p < 0.01). It is concluded that Danish patients with mild to moderate PHPT only reveal small reductions in whole-body mineral density. Furthermore, within 3 years after parathyroid surgery, most of the lost bone mineral is regained even in patients with initial high bone turnover. Finally, PHPT in these patients is not associated with substantial changes in body compositions.

PMID:
10574581
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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