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Roles of the lamina propria and the detrusor in tension transfer during bladder filling.

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  • 1Department of Anatomy/Histology, University of Pennsylvania, School of Dental Medicine, Philadelphia 19104-6003, USA.


In this study, structural changes within the lamina propria and detrusor layers were analysed during development as a function of bladder filling. Second-, third- and full-term foetal bovine bladders were filled to 0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of their total capacity and snap frozen. The bladders were analysed histochemically and the relative thicknesses of the lamina propria and detrusor were measured. In all gestational stages examined, the total thickness of the bladder wall decreased during bladder filling. The lamina propria of the full-term bladder thinned at a consistently faster rate than did the detrusor. The lamina propria of second and third trimester bladders followed the same thinning pattern, except when the bladders were filled from 25% to 50% of their capacities. At these gestational stages, the detrusor thinned at a faster rate than the lamina propria. Our results demonstrate that the detrusor layer carries tension only during a specific portion of the filling cycle and only during the second and third trimesters. We conclude that the lamina propria acts as the capacitance layer, while the detrusor functions as the "limiting" or "girding" layer to prevent over-distension of the bladder wall.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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