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Dig Dis Sci. 1999 Nov;44(11):2359-68.

Effect of Saccharomyces boulardii on cAMP- and Ca2+ -dependent Cl- secretion in T84 cells.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Gastroentérologie et de Nutrition, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France.

Abstract

Several reports have confirmed that the cooperative interaction between cAMP- and Ca2+-mediated transduction pathways may contribute to the stimulatory or inhibitory regulation of Cl- secretion in intestinal epithelium. Saccharomyces boulardii has been shown to inhibit cholera toxin-induced secretion in rat jejunum. We have identified a 120-kDa protein in medium conditioned by Saccharomyces boulardii that reduces cholera toxin-induced cAMP in intestinal cells. The present study evaluated the effect of medium conditioned by Saccharomyces boulardii on cAMP- and Ca2+-mediated Cl- secretion in T84 cells. Experiments performed with cAMP agonists revealed that 1 hr of preincubation of cells with medium conditioned by Saccharomyces boulardii was necessary to elicit a 40-50% reduction in receptor (cholera toxin, prostaglandin E2, and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide) and nonreceptor (forskolin) mediated cAMP synthesis and 125I efflux. Secretion induced by carbachol was inhibited when cells were pretreated for 1 hr with medium conditioned by Saccharomyces boulardii despite the absence of inhibition of Ins (1,4,5)P3. From this study we conclude that Saccharomyces boulardii exerts an inhibitory effect in vitro on Cl- secretion mediated through both cAMP- and Ca2+-mediated signaling pathways.

PMID:
10573387
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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