Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Invest Dermatol. 1999 Nov;113(5):808-15.

Herpes simplex virus associated erythema multiforme (HAEM) is mechanistically distinct from drug-induced erythema multiforme: interferon-gamma is expressed in HAEM lesions and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in drug-induced erythema multiforme lesions.

Author information

  • 1Department of Dermatology, The University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore 21201, USA.

Abstract

Erythema multiforme follows administration of several drugs or infection with various agents, including herpes simplex virus, a syndrome designated herpes simplex virus associated erythema multiforme. Lesional skin from 21 of 26 (81%) herpes simplex virus associated erythema multiforme patients was positive for herpes simplex virus gene expression as evidenced by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction with primers for DNA polymerase and/or immunohistochemistry with DNA polymerase antibody. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry studies indicated that herpes simplex virus associated erythema multiforme lesional skin from 16 of 21 (76%) DNA polymerase positive herpes simplex virus associated erythema multiforme patients was also positive for interferon-gamma, a product of T cells involved in delayed-type hypersensitivity (p < 0. 0001 by Pearson correlation coefficient). Interferon-gamma signals were in infiltrating mononuclear cells and in intercellular spaces within inflammatory sites in the epidermis and at the epidermis/dermis junction. Herpes simplex virus lesional skin was also positive for DNA polymerase [five of five (100%)] and interferon-gamma [four of five (80%)], but lesional skin from drug-induced erythema multiforme patients was negative. Lesional herpes simplex virus associated erythema multiforme keratinocytes also stained with antibody to transforming growth factor-beta [14 of 23 (61%)] and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor waf [12 of 18 (67%)]. Staining was also seen in keratinocytes from herpes simplex virus lesions [five of five (100%)], but not in normal skin. By contrast, staining with antibody to tumor necrosis factor-alpha, another pro-inflammatory cytokine, was seen in seven of 11 (64%) drug-induced erythema multiforme patients, but not in herpes simplex virus or herpes simplex virus associated erythema multiforme patients, and lesional keratinocytes from drug-induced erythema multiforme patients were negative for transforming growth factor-beta and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor waf. We interpret the data to indicate that herpes simplex virus associated erythema multiforme pathology includes a delayed-type hypersensitivity component and is mechanistically distinct from drug-induced erythema multiforme.

PMID:
10571738
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk