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Genet Soc Gen Psychol Monogr. 1999 Nov;125(4):333-412.

Body schema, gender, and other correlates in nonclinical populations.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, St. Louis University, USA.

Abstract

The link between body image and eating disorders has been extensively discussed, but investigations using nonclinical populations have not been systematically reviewed. In this article, a model to guide future researchers has been provided, and an attempt has been made to organize and synthesize the existing findings, with special attention to gender differences. Future researchers should more carefully delineate behavioral, emotional, cognitive, motivational, and evaluative components of body schema and should explore the relationship between body schema and outcomes other than eating disturbances. Conclusions in this review include the following: (a) Verbal measures of body schema are more successful than visual assessment tools; (b) measures of body distortion have been less successful than measures of dissatisfaction; (c) gender differences are prevalent; (d) behavioral outcomes can be successfully predicted; and (e) pubertal development plays a critical role in the gender differentiation of body schemas.

PMID:
10570820
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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