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J Urol. 1999 Dec;162(6):1934-7.

Serum C-reactive protein level and the impact of cytoreductive surgery in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Kobe City General Hospital, Japan.



The prognosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma is extremely poor. In this type of metastatic tumor cytoreductive surgery of the primary tumor is often performed to confirm the histological type or improve the response to immunotherapy with agents such as interferon or interleukin-2. However, the timing and impact of cytoreductive surgery on the success of immunotherapy require further study. We determined the type of metastatic renal cell carcinoma for which cytoreductive surgery is beneficial.


We retrospectively reviewed the records of 58 patients in whom metastatic renal cell carcinoma was diagnosed at our hospital between 1986 and 1997. Three patients were excluded from study because they were judged to be poor candidates for surgery due to poor performance status. Of the remaining 55 patients 34 consented to cytoreductive surgery of the primary tumor and 21 did not. All except 1 patient were treated with interferon therapy. We evaluated the association of pretreatment serum C-reactive protein and the effect of surgery.


We noted no significant difference in age at diagnosis, pretreatment serum immunosuppressive acidic protein, site of metastasis or performance status in 34 patients who underwent cytoreductive surgery and 21 who did not. Of the 21 patients in whom pretreatment serum C-reactive protein was within normal limits (less than 1.0 ng./ml.) no significant difference in disease specific survival was observed in those who did and did not undergo surgery (p = 0.4133). On the other hand, of 34 patients in whom pretreatment serum C-reactive protein was elevated (1.0 ng./ml. or greater) the prognosis was significantly better in those who did versus those who did not undergo surgery (p = 0.0054). Particularly the prognosis in patients in whom postoperative nadir C-reactive protein decreased to within normal limits was markedly better than in those in whom it remained elevated (p = 0.0025).


Our study suggests that cytoreductive surgery is beneficial to patients in whom pretreatment serum C-reactive protein is elevated. Particularly, those in whom serum C-reactive protein decreases to within normal limits may expect longer survival when surgery is combined with postoperative immunotherapy. Currently to our knowledge the prognostic factor that predicts postoperative nadir C-reactive protein has not been identified, indicating that cytoreductive surgery of the primary tumor should be performed in patients with elevated pretreatment C-reactive protein and as performance status permits.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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