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J Exp Med. 1999 Nov 15;190(10):1541-8.

The absence of interleukin 1 receptor-related T1/ST2 does not affect T helper cell type 2 development and its effector function.

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  • 1Department of Host Defense, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita, Japan.


T1/ST2, an orphan receptor with homology with the interleukin (IL)-1 receptor family, is expressed constitutively and stably on the surface of T helper type 2 (Th2) cells, but not on Th1 cells. T1/ST2 is also expressed on mast cells, which are critical for Th2-mediated effector responses. To evaluate whether T1/ST2 is required for Th2 responses and mast cell function, we have generated T1/ST2-deficient (T1/ST2(-/-)) mice and examined the roles of T1/ST2. Naive CD4(+) T cells isolated from T1/ST2(-/-) mice developed to Th2 cells in response to IL-4 in vitro. T1/ST2(-/-) mice showed normal Th2 responses after infection with the helminthic parasite Nippostrongylus brasiliensis as well as in the mouse model of allergen-induced airway inflammation. In addition, differentiation and function of bone marrow-derived cultured mast cells were unaffected. These findings demonstrate that T1/ST2 does not play an essential role in development and function of Th2 cells and mast cells.

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