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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Nov;181(5 Pt 1):1203-10.

Comparison of auscultatory and oscillometric automated blood pressure monitors in the setting of preeclampsia.

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  • 1Imperial and King's College, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of 2 automated blood pressure monitors against mercury sphygmomanometry and intra-arterial blood pressure determination in women with preeclampsia.

STUDY DESIGN:

The auscultatory and oscillometric monitors were compared with mercury sphygmomanometry according to the British Hypertension Society protocol and criteria of the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation in a group of 30 women with proteinuric preeclampsia. In addition both monitors were compared with intra-arterial blood pressure measurements in a group of 6 women with severe preeclampsia. The mean (+/- SD) of the differences was calculated and a paired t test was used to compare values obtained with each monitor with intra-arterial measurements.

RESULTS:

Compared with mercury sphygmomanometry the auscultatory QuietTrak monitor markedly underestimated systolic and diastolic blood pressure by 13 +/- 15 mm Hg. The oscillometric SpaceLabs 90207 monitor also underestimated systolic pressure by 10 +/- 10 mm Hg and diastolic pressure by 8 +/- 7 mm Hg. According to the British Hypertension Society grading criteria both monitors achieved the lowest grade (D) for recording systolic and diastolic pressure. The 2 monitors also did not meet the accuracy criteria stipulated by the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation. Compared with intra-arterial readings the SpaceLabs monitor significantly underestimated systolic and mean arterial pressures (by 19 and 7 mm Hg, respectively, P <. 01). The QuietTrak monitor significantly underestimated systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressures (by 25 mm Hg, P <.05, 18 mm Hg, P <.01, and 20 mm Hg, P <.01, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

Neither monitor can be recommended for clinical use in women with proteinuric preeclampsia.

PMID:
10561646
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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