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Psychother Psychosom. 1999;68(6):281-9.

Subclinical symptoms of panic disorder: new insights into pathophysiology and treatment.

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  • 1Affective Disorders Program, Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Italy.


The aim of this review was to survey the available literature on prodromal and residual symptoms of panic disorder. Both a computerized (Medline) and a manual search of the literature were performed. In a substantial proportion of patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia a prodromal phase can be identified. Most patients report residual symptoms despite successful treatment. Residual symptoms upon remission have a prognostic value. There appears to be a relationship between residual and prodromal symptomatology (the rollback phenomenon). Appraisal of subclinical symptomatology in panic disorder has important implications as to the pathophysiological model of disease, its conceptualization and treatment.

Copyright 1999 S.Karger AG,Basel.

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