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Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 1999 Oct;23(10):1016-24.

The effect of sibutramine on energy expenditure and appetite during chronic treatment without dietary restriction.

Author information

  • 1Research Department of Human Nutrition, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Rolighedsvej 30, Frederiksberg C, Denmark. ast@kvl.dk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the contribution of a thermogenic effect to weight loss induced by eight weeks treatment with sibutramine (15mg/d) vs placebo in obese subjects.

DESIGN:

Randomised, placebo controlled, double blind study.

SUBJECTS:

Thirty-two (7 male, 25 female) healthy obese body mass index (BMI) 33.9+/-0.5 kg/m2 subjects completed the trial.

MEASUREMENTS:

Energy expenditure (EE) was measured by indirect calorimetry during a 32 h stay in a respiration chamber before and after 8 weeks treatment. Visual analogue scales were completed for assessment of appetite sensation. No dietary restriction was given.

RESULTS:

Sibutramine caused a significant weight loss compared with placebo (-2.4 kg vs+0.3 kg, P<0.001). Despite the larger weight loss after 8 weeks, 24-h EE did not decrease more in the sibutramine than in the placebo group (-2. 6% vs -2.5%, P=ns). When the changes in 24-h EE were adjusted for changes in body weight, 24-h EE decreased significantly less in the sibutramine group than in the placebo group (0.8% vs 3.8%, P<0.02). Sibutramine significantly decreased both hunger and anticipated food consumption, and increased satiety scores.

CONCLUSIONS:

The weight reducing effect of sibutramine in humans is caused by a dual mechanism: reduction of energy intake by increasing satiety and decreasing hunger and prevention of the decline in EE that follows weight loss.

PMID:
10557021
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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