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Curr Opin Lipidol. 1999 Oct;10(5):393-9.

Functional variants in the lipoprotein lipase gene and risk cardiovascular disease.

Author information

  • Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, USA. hokanson@u.washington.edu

Abstract

The current report is a quantitative review of the relationship between lipoprotein lipase gene variants and cardiovascular disease based on published population-based studies. Sixteen studies, representing 17,630 individuals, report allelic distribution for lipoprotein lipase gene variants among patients and control individuals. Patient outcomes included clinical cardiovascular disease events, documented coronary disease based on angiography, or intimal media thickening by B-mode ultrasonography. Mantel-Haenszel stratified analysis was used to compute a summary odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals for the association between rare allele in the lipoprotein lipase gene and disease status. Because of potential differing effects associated with different lipoprotein lipase variants, each lipoprotein lipase mutant allele was considered separately. The lipoprotein lipase D9N/-93G to T allele has a summary odds ratio of 2.03 (95% confidence interval 1.30-3.18), indicating a twofold increase in risk of coronary disease for carriers with this allelic variant. The summary odds ratio for the relationship of the rare lipoprotein lipase G188E variant with cardiovascular disease is 5.25 (95% confidence interval 1.54-24.29). The lipoprotein lipase N291S allele is associated with a marginal increase in cardiovascular disease (summary odds ratio 1.25, 95% confidence interval 0.99-1.60, P = 0.07). However, there is stronger evidence for a positive association in certain populations. The summary odds ratio for lipoprotein lipase S447X allele is 0.81 (95% confidence interval 0.65-1.0), which indicates a cardioprotective effect of this lipoprotein lipase gene variant. Thus, lipoprotein lipase gene variants are associated with differential susceptibility to cardiovascular disease.

PMID:
10554701
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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