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J Gastrointest Surg. 1999 Nov-Dec;3(6):618-24.

Targeting molecular pathways with camptothecin as novel therapy for gastric cancer.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555-0527, USA.

Abstract

Novel chemotherapeutic agents are needed to treat gastric cancer for which the prognosis remains dismal. The antitumor alkaloid camptothecin (CPT) may be useful in the treatment of certain solid tumors; however, its effects on gastric cancer are largely undefined. The purpose of our study was to characterize the effects of CPT on human gastric tumors in vivo and to determine the cellular mechanisms involved in CPT-mediated inhibition. Two human gastric cancers, WIL and TOR, were transplanted subcutaneously into athymic nude mice. After tumors reached 50 to 100 mm(2), mice were randomized into three groups to receive injections of either low-dose CPT (5 mg/kg), high-dose CPT (10 mg/kg), or vehicle (control) intraperitoneally 3 days a week for 3 weeks. Tumors were measured and weighed, and protein levels of the cell cycle inhibitor, p21Waf1/Cip1, and the antiapoptotic protein, Bcl-2, were assessed. Both dosages of CPT significantly inhibited growth of WIL and TOR gastric tumors. CPT (10 mg/kg) reduced tumor size compared to baseline, establishing this as a tumoricidal dosage. Treatment with CPT was associated with increased levels of p21Waf1/Cip1 and decreased levels of Bcl-2. CPT effectively kills human gastric cancers associated with increased levels of p21Waf1/Cip1 and decreased levels of Bcl-2. By activating cell cycle withdrawal and cell death through induction of p21Waf1/Cip1 and downregulation of Bcl-2, CPT may be an effective agent for gastric cancer.

PMID:
10554369
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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