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Receptors Channels. 1999;6(5):363-74.

Coupling of the expressed cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors to phospholipase C and G protein-coupled inwardly rectifying K+ channels.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks 58202-9037, USA. bho@badlands.nodak.edu

Abstract

Signaling of the cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors through phospholipase C (PLC) and G protein-coupled inwardly rectifying K+ channels (GIRK) was studied after their expression in COS7 cells and Xenopus oocytes. The CB1 or CB2 receptor was co-expressed with alpha subunits of the Galphaq family (Galphaq, Galpha11, Galpha14, Galpha15 and Galpha16) in COS7 cells. Receptor-dependent activation of PLC was observed after co-expressing the CB1 receptor with Galpha14, Galpha15 or Galpha16 but not with Galphaq or Galpha11. Co-expression of Gbeta1 and Ggamma2 abolished the activation, indicating that the activation was mediated by Galpha. PLC activation was not observed when the CB2 receptor was expressed alone or co-expressed with any of the above Galpha subunits. Coupling to GIRK was observed with both CB1 and CB2 receptors after expression in Xenopus oocytes. Significantly larger currents were induced when the receptor was co-expressed with both GIRK1 and GIRK4 than with either GIRK alone. Co-expression of Galpha transducin with the receptor significantly reduced the K+ currents, indicating that GIRK activation was mediated by Gbetagamma but not by Galpha. These findings suggest two new signaling pathways for the cannabinoid receptors.

PMID:
10551268
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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