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Hum Reprod. 1999 Nov;14(11):2876-80.

Bone density changes in pregnant women treated with heparin: a prospective, longitudinal study.

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  • 1Departments of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, ICSM at St Mary's and Hammersmith Hospital, Praed Street, London W2 1PG, UK.

Abstract

Heparin plus aspirin significantly improves the live birth rate of women with primary antiphospholipid syndrome. Osteopenia is a major concern of long-term heparin therapy. We studied prospectively the bone mineral density (BMD) changes during pregnancy and the puerperium in 123 women with primary antiphospholipid syndrome treated with low-dose aspirin and subcutaneous low-dose heparin (46 women took unfractionated heparin and 77 took low-molecular-weight heparin). Lumbar spine, neck of femur and forearm BMD were measured, using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, at 12 weeks gestation, immediately postpartum and 12 weeks postpartum. The mean heparin duration was 27 weeks (range 22-29). During pregnancy, BMD decreased by 3.7% (P < 0.001) at the lumbar spine and by 0.9% (P < 0.05) at the neck of femur with no significant change at the forearm. Lactation was associated with a significant decrease in the lumbar spine and neck of femur BMD. There was no significant difference in BMD changes between the two heparin preparations. No woman suffered a symptomatic fracture. Long-term heparin treatment during pregnancy is associated with a small but significant decrease in BMD at the lumbar spine and neck of femur. This decrease is similar to that previously reported to occur in untreated pregnancies.

PMID:
10548640
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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