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Dig Dis Sci. 1999 Oct;44(10):2003-7.

Liver transplantation in patients with chronic hepatitis C and alcoholism.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine and Surgery, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Missouri 63104, USA.


We evaluated the contribution of alcohol abuse to liver failure among patients undergoing liver transplantation by reviewing their records for alcohol consumption, hepatitis serology, and outcome. Anti-HCV was present in the serum of 42 patients (39%), while 35 had consumed more than 80 g/day of alcohol for at least 10 years, allowing patients to be divided into four groups: group I, hepatitis C alone (N = 31); group II, alcoholic liver disease alone (N = 24); group III, both hepatitis C and alcoholism (N = 11); and group IV, liver failure due to other causes (N = 41). Patients were followed for a mean of 29 months after transplantation (range 0-66). Twenty-eight (26%) died during follow up, while 11 (10%) required retransplantation. There were no other significant differences in patient or graft survival among patients in the four groups. Patients with both alcoholism and chronic hepatitis C comprise a large proportion of those undergoing liver transplantation and appear to do as well as those with other causes of liver failure, at least in the short term.

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